The United Kingdom (UK) used to be one of the EU member states, but left the EU on January 31, 2020. In June 2016, Britain held a referendum on its EU membership. Negotiations on the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union (Brexit) then began. Relations between the EU and the UK are mainly managed 4 matches:
- Contract of withdrawal
- Trade and Cooperation Agreement
- Information Security Agreement
- Nuclear Power Treaty
These agreements have been signed and ratified by the EU and the UK and cover a wide range of policy areas. They guarantee Fair competition, together with In the areas of mutual interest and security Social rights.
Brexit Withdrawal Agreement
Following the United Kingdom’s EU membership vote in June 2016, the United Kingdom and the European Union began negotiations on the terms of Britain’s withdrawal from the European Union (Brexit). These Brexit negotiations began in June 2017 and ultimately culminated in the Withdrawal Agreement, which came into effect at midnight on 31 January 2020.
It contains the conditions for that England’s Formal Withdrawal From the European Union in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union.
Agreements have also been made on citizens’ rights and the financial settlement between the EU and the UK. A hard border between Ireland and Northern Ireland was avoided by a specific protocol of agreement.
After the UK’s official departure from the European Union on January 31, 2020, the two sides began negotiations on how their relationship should look in the future. These negotiations have already started during the transition period (1 February 2020 – 31 December 2020), when the UK is no longer a member of the EU but is still subject to certain EU rules.
There was one at the end Trade and Cooperation Agreement This will shape post-Brexit relations.
The agreement was signed on December 30, 2020 and officially entered into force on May 1, 2021. However, it has already been provisionally used from 1 January 2021.
This trade and cooperation agreement regulates Level playing field And Respect for fundamental rights. The contract includes:
- A free trade agreement with ambitious economic, social, environmental and fisheries cooperation
- Close partnership for citizen security
- An overarching administrative structure
In addition to the Trade and Cooperation Agreement, the EU and the UK have negotiated, signed and ratified 2 other agreements: a Information security And a contract Atomic energy.
While these deals address many important issues, the impact of Brexit is still being felt for citizens and businesses in the EU and the UK.
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