Exactly 130 years ago was the first penalty kick on a Dutch football pitch

The new football

On November 8, 1891, the first penalty kick in Dutch football was taken. This was claimed only by the pioneer of sports Pim Molier. and missed.

Ajax penalty kick in the cup match against Twente on May 23, 1968, photo by Eric Koch via The National Archives

In 1978 the book was written by Jan Mulder Penalty advance. Nice title, but it’s really gaining momentum Literal From 1902, when the penalty area was introduced. Before that, the penalty kick or penalty kick had to be invented first. Otherwise why would a special area be needed?


The penalty kick was instituted in 1890 by Irish goalkeeper William McCrum as the final penalty against defenders who did their best to avoid injury. The proposal was submitted to IFAB Rules Committee, but initially did not receive any support. That changed after an incident on February 14, 1891, during an FA Cup match between Stoke City and Notts County. The first team received a free ball because defender Hendry took the ball out of the goal with his hand. The entire Notts County team stood on the goal line, making the goal impossible.

Stoke City also won that match, and then Makram’s idea convinced the Football Association. This is how punishment was applied, at least in Great Britain. This is how the FA described the need on June 2, 1891: If any player trips or catches an opposing player, or intentionally handles the ball, within twelve yards of his goal line, the referee shall, on appeal, award the opposing team a penalty kick, to be taken from any point twelve yards from the line goal, under the following conditions: All players, except for the player taking the penalty kick and the opposing goalkeeper (who will not advance more than six yards from the goal line) must stand at least six yards behind the ball. The ball must be in play when the kick is taken, and a goal can be scored from the penalty kick.

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From the text above it appears that the penalty kick had to be taken From any point within twelve yards of the goal line. And not from the box, because it was not invented after 1891.


On June 6, 1891, the world’s first penalty kick was taken in Airdrie, Scotland, at Royal Albert against Airdrieonians Airdriehill. The Netherlands followed suit later that year and that was very fast. At the end of the 19th century, FIFA did not yet exist, which implements mandatory rule changes all over the world at once. It is clear that the need for this new punishment was so great in Holland that it was chosen independently.

On November 8, 1891, there was a match in The Hague between Haagsche VV – now royal – and Haarlemsche FC – now royal. For the first time in a Dutch stadium, a Penalty Sports pioneer Pim Molier took it from HFC himself.

from report Dutch sport November 14, 1891: The first good shot was sent by Hengel from the right, and soon after there was a melee close to goal. Dr.. Bosch catches the ball and awards the referee, considering that he did it intentionally, a free kick in accordance with the Art. 13a From the regulations (the so-called penalty kick). The ball is placed at the required distance and all players are behind the ball except for the goalkeeper and whoever will take the kick. It caused some eyebrows that Muller, who wasn’t exactly considered the best goalkeeper, took the kick. For the convenience of the spectators, the ball circled across the floor a few meters from the left post.

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Therefore, Molier did not use the first penalty kick in the Netherlands. Only on April 3, 1892, was Jan Kahn van de Rotterdamsch CNN in the first Dutchman to score a penalty, and later used another one in the same match, according to research by sports historian Wim Sonnefeld.

New football field

The application of the penalty penalty has caused a huge revolution in football, because the entire pitch lines had to be changed. After all, the players had to know where to sit during the penalty kick. It’s all now arranged across the box, but it all had to be thought through.

This development occurred in various stages, according to the book group Ben van Maren, owner of the site judging books. The first variant was developed in 1892, but it is still different from what we are used to today. There was no penalty kick and instead of a rectangular box, a semi-circle was drawn at the goal. These two circles over six yards They did not form the penalty area but the goal area. The penalty area was marked by a 12 yard (11 meter) line from the back line and extended from the touchline to the side line. The central circle was much larger in those days.

This situation continued until 1902, when the IFAB changed the rules of the game that year. From that moment on, penalty area football as we know it today has been played, with the center circle reduced as well. The penalty area progress was real.

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thought experiment

so what? Are they just lines?

So it’s a thought experiment. We put two teams first on the football field with lines from 1902. So there is a penalty area and a small center circle – no need to worry. Players can start their game right away, they are familiar with that environment.

But what would happen if we put the same teams in the field from 1892 to 1902? How would they react to the crazy half circles in the goals? What will they do in the event of a penalty kick? The obvious suddenly disappeared, because they do not know such a field. These half-circles are likely to confuse these players.

So the advance of Jan Mulder’s penalty area has taken place Literal It happened – as one of the greatest revolutions ever in international football. Because without the penalty kick, the football field would have looked completely different.

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