As temperatures rise in fact and symbolically at the crowded conference center in Glasgow, where the International Climate Conference is being held, negotiators from around the world are trying to isolate what is inside their countries. The summit officially ends today. But the past shows that most climate conferences continue over the weekend.
The new text proposal was released this morning. It remains to be seen how those countries will respond to this. Poor countries in particular insist that ‘climate funding’ should be more centralized, meaning that more focus is being placed on helping countries affected by floods, severe droughts and rising sea levels due to global warming.
Tens of thousands of people pass through heavy security again today at the Scottish Convention Center. Once inside, they congregate together and ministers and other negotiators try to refine different parts of the text until possible compromises are reached.
According to those involved, there are still some important obstacles, the already mentioned money from the rich to the poorer countries, the rules to be followed by the countries when implementing the Paris climate agreement and how many degrees of land can still be allowed to reach the agreement. Yesterday, the UN. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said the summit would not provide the necessary commitments to curb global warming to 1.5 degrees.
Countries can agree that we will fulfill those promises by the end of next year. The question of money is often even more important to poor countries. So far they are dissatisfied with what was on paper, and the question is how they respond to the latest text proposal. In the third stage, in the rules, it seems that there are already some movements.
After six years of negotiations, the aim is to finally decide which rules countries should follow. “There is a high tendency to compromise,” says Jose Cojinsen, an expert in the field of emissions trading and a frequent visitor to climate conferences. That’s because the United States is now back on track.
Finish oil and gas extraction
He is in favor of the agreement reached between China and the United States this week. “In fact, you are just now expanding the Paris Agreement because the United States is participating again. We have had a vacuum of power for four years because we have not seen the United States. China and the United States have the biggest emissions to make deals. Very important.”
In addition to these components, the summit resulted in more partial agreements than previous climate conferences. Deforestation, methane and fossil government support, for example. It was also announced yesterday that a few so-called additional countries would join Beyond the oil and gas alliance, A new initiative of Denmark and Costa Rica, to extract all oil and gas in the future.
The Netherlands disagreed. Nor did Great Britain, the president of the climate conference, participate. France, Greenland, Ireland and Sweden, as well as Wales and Quebec. The Dutch government says it currently needs natural gas in its energy supply.
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