The nineteenth century was the era of speeds

Other new sports

On January 18, 1848, A. Leewarder Courant About the phenomenon of new competitions – a harbinger of modern sport. The newspaper used this wonderful concept Era of speeds.

Speed ​​riding in Leeuwarden, 1855

The journey through all eleven cities of Friesland took at least 40 hours in 1848 on horseback. On January 22, 1848, it took four skiers sixteen hours, “so that they walked an average of an hour in 24 minutes,” De operetta Haarlemche Courant. “When one takes into account that the horse’s power does not exceed this 40-hour walking distance in at least two days, one must admire the strength of the above-mentioned travelers.”

Travel was so slow in 1848, as evidenced by the quote above, that kilometers per hour are not mentioned. There are now huge political problems about whether we can drive at 120 or 130 kilometers per hour, but in the nineteenth century life was so slow that there was talk of how many minutes travel or hours of travel required. Now we make a few trips from Zeeland to Rotterdam HoursWhere that was in the nineteenth century days It was.

Muscle strength and speed

It is a stark example of how life in the Netherlands accelerated tremendously in the mid-nineteenth century. Since 1839, there has been a train, with which travelers can move faster than before, and that too over longer distances. This was true for people who could tolerate it.

And then more and more competitions were organized at the same time, which revolved around speed – on horseback, skiing or on foot. In 1844 there was one in The Hague Swimming competition – according to Rotterdams Courant “New of its kind.” The early years of the sport were a reflection of the acceleration of life.

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From Leewarder Courant He summed it up well on January 18, 1848: “ When we took over the daily newspapers of this county in the summer time, the numerous advertisements called our attention to horse races with horses, under the man, with horses and chairs, to jogging parties, yes. Even men and boys running; Then when the cold winter frost spreads a network of ice rinks over Friesland, where they are crowded with people and at the speed of riding the rail networks of our southern and eastern neighbors, then one sees everywhere the competition between muscle strength and speed.

For example, the newspaper linked the new train phenomenon to the increasing popularity of competitions. This story is not talked about alone Iron Age Such as TV program About the history of the nineteenth century, but about Era of speeds.

This expression was not before Leewarder Courant It invented itself, but it was actually used in 1830 Letter-Loving General Monthly Notebook. It happened in an article on the question of what they should call the time period at that time. the magazine References and arbitrators too This term is used Mechanical timeBut the craftsmen differed. “We are free to consider whether setting the time or horn speeds might not be more appropriate.” [Hoofdletters stonden in de originele tekst.] As an important reason, the monthly noted that travel speeds have increased dramatically “on land as well as in water”.

Speed ​​in Zealand

The phenomenon also applies to Zealand in the 1930s, according to Mr. Pullman Cruzman in his book Zeeland from 1813 to 1913, Published in 1914. In a chapter on the development of the regional postal service, he noted that in the early nineteenth century it had some difficulties with reliable delivery due to slow traffic. “All that changed with the steam system,” says Pullman Crossman, and as early as 1831, the 19th century was called the “century of speed.”

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With this Pullman Crossman also noted that around 1830 an acceleration of life was observed, making it appear to be a turning point in the nineteenth century, the year in which the United Kingdom of the Netherlands collapsed due to the uprising in Belgium. After a relative social lull that lasted about fifteen years since the end of the French era, a revolutionary situation prevailed, a confusing series of major events. Franciscus Johannes Hallow literally wrote “A Century of Speed” in a book from 1830 on the “Unholy Revolution” of the Belgians.

he met Era of speeds Thus many social and political processes of the nineteenth century were captured, such as state building in the Netherlands, industrialization, transportation options, and the emergence of early sport.

Then this acceleration continued. The journey through all eleven cities of Friesland took at least 40 hours in 1848 on horseback. In 1997 Henk Angenent completed this route in seven hours. And with the car this can be done in five hours.

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