The United States and the European Union are working together to significantly reduce global emissions of greenhouse gas methane. The announcement was made by US President Joe Biden ahead of the COP26 International Climate Summit in Glasgow in November.
“We are committed to a global effort with the European Union and other partners to ensure that global methane emissions are at least 30 percent lower by 2030 than by 2020,” Biden said at the World Economic Forum Digital Summit. According to the US President, reducing methane emissions could significantly reduce global warming, which is good for public health.
Biden called on countries to show maximum ambition at the upcoming climate summit. Nearly a third of methane emissions he called “ideal, but realistic.” The EU has not yet responded to Biden’s goal.
During the climate summit in Glasgow, the United States and the European Union want to try to get countries like China, Russia, India, Brazil and Saudi Arabia behind the methane deal.
Greenhouse gases methane are released when used in livestock, paddy cultivation, freezing temperatures, waste mountains and using fossil fuels. The view of methane emissions from livestock has been changing recently.
Methane in the cycle
The recently released IPCC Climate Report states that the influence of livestock on methane emissions is estimated to be three to four times higher. Scientists see methane as part of a short cycle between livestock and fodder crops known as ‘biogenic origin’. After some time, methane decomposes into CO2 in the atmosphere, and the gas is absorbed during the growth of the crop, among other things.
Methane from fossil sources is not part of such a cycle. Emissions from IPCC road traffic are estimated to be four to five times lower.
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