The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that uses Internet Protocol (TCP / IP) to communicate between networks and devices. It is a network of networks consisting of private, public, educational, corporate and local to global purpose-oriented government networks, connected by a wide range of electronic, wireless and optical network technologies. The Internet provides a wide variety of information resources and services such as interconnected hypertext documents and applications on the World Wide Web (WWW), e-mail, telephone and file sharing.
The term Internet was coined in 1849 as an interconnected or intertwined term. The word Internet was used in 1974 as an abbreviated form of the Internet. Today, the term Internet generally refers to a global system of interconnected computer networks, although it may also refer to a group of smaller networks.
In the 1960s, the U.S. Department of Defense Advanced Research Program (ARPA) eventually funded research on computer partitioning. Research on pocket switching, one of the basic Internet technologies, was started by Paul Barron and independent, Donald Davis in 1965 in the early 1960s. Following a seminar on Operating Systems Policies in 1967, the NPL Network proposed by Packet Switch was developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s to design resource sharing networks such as ARPANET and the Merit Network and CYCLADES.
Early international collaborations for ARPANET were rare. In 1973, the Norwegian Seismic Order (NORSAR) and Sweden’s Dawn were merged with Peter Kirsten’s research team at University College London, a satellite station and gateway to British education networks. ARPA programs and international working groups led to the development of various protocols and standards that allowed multiple individual networks to become a single network or ‘network of networks’.
(Source Statistics – 2021)
Global Digital Population (Billion) as of January 2021
Had access to the ARPANET 1981 Expanded when the National Science Foundation (NSF) funded the Computer Science Network (CSNET). In 1982, the Internet Protocol Package (TCP / IP) was standardized, enabling the global expansion of interconnected networks. NSFNet was expanded in 1988-89 to include educational and research institutions in Europe, Australia, New Zealand and Japan. Although other network protocols, such as UUCP, had gone global before that, it marked the beginning of the Internet as a continent-by-continent network. Business Internet Service Providers (ISPs) appeared in 1989 in the United States and Australia. Orphanet was removed in 1990.
The Internet is a global network made up of many autonomous networks. It operates without a central governing body. The technical basis and standardization of key protocols (IPv4 and IPv6) is a function of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IEDF), a non-profit organization of non-profit international participants. To maintain performance, key Internet namespaces are managed by the Internet Association for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). ICANN is managed by an international board of directors with representatives from the technical, business, educational and other non-business Internet communities.
Common modes of user access to the Internet include telephone circuits, computer modems, coaxial cables, fiber or copper wire, Wi-Fi, satellite, and broadband through cellular telephone technology (eg 3G, 4G). The Internet is often accessed by computers in libraries and Internet cafes. Internet access points can be found in many public places, such as airport intersections and coffee shops. Various terms such as public internet kiosk, public access terminal and internet payment terminal are used. Many hotels have public terminals, usually for a fee. These terminals are widely used for various purposes such as ticket booking, bank deposit or online payment. WiFi provides wireless access to the Internet via local computer networks. Hotspots that provide such access include WiFi cafes, where users must bring their own wireless devices, such as laptops or PDAs. These services are free to all, customers only, or free of charge.
Modern smartphones can access the Internet through the cellular carrier’s network. For web browsing, these devices provide applications such as Google Chrome, Safari and Firefox, and can install various web software from the App Store. Internet usage of mobile and tablet devices surpassed desktop for the first time in October 2016. The Internet has driven new forms of social interactions, activities, and social connections. This event led to the scientific study of the sociology of the Internet. As of January 2021, there were 4.66 billion active Internet users worldwide – 59.5 percent of the world’s population. Of these, 92.6 percent (4.32 billion) used the Internet via mobile devices.
The Netherlands joined the Internet in 1988. November 17, 1988, 33 years ago, the Netherlands was connected to the Internet. Fiat Pierdema, a system administrator at Centrum Wisconsin & Informatica (CWI) in Amsterdam, first contacted the CWI network on November 17, 1988 – reported in 2013 Vocal Society. This afternoon Stephen Wolfe sent the following message from the United States (local time) to Peerdema via the first Atlantic Link between the CWI and the United States:
(Source Web.archive.org – 2018)
Message from Stephen Wolf on November 17, 1988 to Fiat Pierdema, System Administrator at Center Wisconsin & Informatica (CWI) in Amsterdam
In Europe, other countries and organizations soon followed suit. In the Netherlands, SURFnet unites the educational world of universities, teaching hospitals and research institutions. Businesses and citizens had to wait until 1993, when the first Internet communities arose, such as the famous Digital City in Amsterdam.
The digital city of Amsterdam was adopted on January 15, 1994. These used servers can make calls from all over the Netherlands via a modem (i.e. long distance rate). DDS is completely free and provided a mailbox from the beginning so that one can email. This was done using the Pine program. In the same year, Datawave and Part Internet services began to provide business access, followed by Luna.NL in 1996.
On January 1, 1996, WorWork Internet began offering web hosting and domain name registration. As a bait, VuurWerk put the Internet (a crack) KPN CD phone directory online. The online phone book ‘Weptel’ soon became a huge success, and a lawsuit followed, in which KPN Telecom banned Weptel. The name VuurWerk is already established. Between 1996 and 1999, the company became the largest web hosting provider on Penelox with 12% and more than 65,000 hosted websites and domain names. Versatile took over the Wurwerk Internet in 1999.
The Dutch are more digitally active than ever. The Federal Bureau of Statistics estimates that 88 percent of Dutch people between the ages of 12 will be online daily in 2019 CBS In 2020. The most common web activities are the use of email and social media. Nearly four in five people made purchases online in 2019. Half the Dutch had more than basic digital skills. 6 out of 10 people avoid internet activity due to cyber security.
In 2019, 96 percent of households had Internet access at home. It is about 7.6 million families. The share of households with internet access at home has stopped growing strongly in recent years. In 2018 and 2017, 95 percent of homes had internet access, up from 92 percent in 2016. In 2014, the stake was still 90 percent. Thus, in 2019, 4 percent of all households will not have Internet access. The majority of these families include someone who is at least 75 years old.
Of those who did not have access to the Internet at home in 2019, the vast majority (89 percent) did not use the Internet outside of their home. Two-thirds of people who do not have an Internet connection at home are not interested in the Internet or do not think it is useful. Nearly four in ten reported a lack of knowledge or skills. At a lower level, cost (14 percent) and privacy and security concerns (11 percent) were cited as reasons for not having internet at home. In 2019, smartphones and laptops will be the most used devices in the home to use the Internet. Smartphones make up 89 percent of homes and laptops 79 percent.
In the first half of 2020, 71 percent Dutch people aged 12 or over, about 10.7 million people, do something online. This is 11 percent more than last year. These are the people who mentioned that they bought something online in the three months before the survey. Clothing, food and products or services that are frequently ordered through the streaming service or downloads of movies and series. Statistics This is clear from the latest statistics from the Netherlands ‘ICT Use of Homes and Individuals 2020’ survey.
“Web specialist. Pop culture buff. Thinker. Foodaholic. Travel maven. Avid coffee junkie. Amateur tv advocate.”